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Water and sanitation

With the aim of improving the public health CRAYON found that sanitation problem are more difficult to solve and accelerated the spread of infectious diseases throughout densely populated areas. It was also found that corruption affected all the sections of the population, particularly the poor and the marginalized. This project leads to social accountability tools and implementing good practices in sanitation to provide poor households with permanent, high-quality latrines and this will also increase community participation in water and sanitation management.

This project is a life giving art of making the impure to pure that is making the impure water to pure water and will be reused to an extend for the purpose of agriculture to drinking water. This is a class above idea for the development of the society and to save water.

Sanitation

Public health, clean drinking water and adequate sewage disposal comes under sanitation

Sanitation – one Home one toilet

Sanitation facilitates access to sanitation in informal settlements by:

  1. Pinpoint families who lack access to basic sanitation,
  2. Facilitating the construction of individual toilets
  3. Conducting workshops to increase awareness within the community of environmental issues
  4. Providing a forum for sanitation issues to be discussed.
  5. Establishing solid waste collection systems.

CRAYON’s baseline survey, revealed that the beneficiaries in the target areas are lacked drinking water and sanitation facilities and basic amenities such as the safe shelter for living etc., Absence of good personal hygiene such as hand washing after defecation, using soap or cleaning agents, usage of latrines, food and domestic hygiene are the other major problems which were identified through the survey. Based on the prioritization of problems, success indicators were fixed for a three year phasing period with the project components like providing safe drinking water, construction of community and individual latrines, health and hygiene education among the target communities and formation of community based organizations towards sustainability of the project.

The Need for Urban Slums Intervention Programme: (Urban Sanitation)

The community latrines in the area were totally abandoned by the local residents since there was neither water nor disposal systems. The damaged septic tank and the broken drainage pipes made the local people avoid using local community latrines. The local people defecate in and around the footpaths that lead to the community latrines. The slum dwellers also defecated on the drainage. Diarrhea, dysentery and other water-borne diseases prevail in the area due to the absence of both hygiene education and the ignorance of the people about fiscal-oral disease transmissions.

Waterless urinals all use basically the same science. Urine flows down the bowl of the urinal past a debris-catching strainer. The urine then passes through a sealing liquid, usually a specially designed oil based fluid or simply vegetable oil, and collects in the waste pipe below.

Energy generating toilet Is a new toilet system that will turn human waste into electricity and fertilizers and also reduce the amount of water needed for flushing by up to 90 per cent compared to current toilet systems.

Dehydrating toilets: When human waste is dehydrated, the mass and volume are greatly reduced and the pathogens are starved of moisture. ... Urine diversion dehydration toilets (UDDTs) are common in many parts of the world where flush toilets are not available.

The humaure toilet is a collection device used to recycle organic materials. It is not a waste disposal device used to dispose of organic material, as is a flush toilet.

Adequate drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene are all essential ingredients to ensure human health. The same is true for proper wastewater management, which is a basic prerequisite for environmental health.

Urban areas of India are confronting a huge problem and that is the human waste management and it is highly generated because of huge population in India, among the larg states of India Tamil Nadu is one of the most urbanized state with about half of population living in urban areas .the urban areas of Tamil Nadu are organized into 10 corperations,1458 municipalities,561 town Panchayats ,two cantonment boards and 376 census towns. Latest study has been telling that about 45 Percent humanure toilet is a collection device used to recycle organic materials. It is not a waste disposal device used to dispose of organic material, as is a flush toilet. Humanure toilet is a collection device used to recycle organic materials. It is not a waste disposal device used to dispose of organic material, as is a flush toilet of urban households have access to piped water supply within premises and 40 percent of household has access to treated water within the premises,75 percent of households has toilets within their premises,9 percent of public toilets and 16 percent of open defecation.

About 27 percent of the toilets are connected to the sewer system. About 38 percent of the household toilets have septic tanks, about 7 percent have pit latrines, and other on-site arrangements are reported by another 4-5 percent. This shows that on-site sanitation arrangements are the most common amongst households – almost about half the urban households. In Class 1 Cites, the coverage of household toilets connected to sewers is as high as 50 percent; whereas the smaller cities, hence, have a higher prevalence of septic tanks.

While investments in sewerage infrastructure and Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs), has been accorded policy attention and financial investments, very little has been done for the large segment of on-site systems and treatment of Septage there from. The CRAYON seeks to remedy this deficit and priorities sanitation, and further promote Septage management solutions as an effective supplement or alternative to network-based systems. Lack of adequate sanitation poses one of the greatest barriers for Tamil Nadu in achieving its full development potential, and ensuring high standards of public health for her citizens. While sewerage and treatment plants have received policy attention and investments in larger cities of the State, on-site systems that are the predominant household arrangements across the State, have received limited attention

Moreover, the pits and septic tanks are not built properly; hence fecal matter leaks out untreated from these structures into drains, water bodies and open areas. These septic tanks are also not de- sludged regularly creating major health and environmental hazards. Limited data is available on the coverage and effectiveness of these desludging services as these are mostly operated by the informal sector. The sludge collected from septic tanks is often disposed into either natural storm water drainage systems or a nearby surface water body, especially in the absence of any treatment facilities.

In Class 1 Cites, the coverage of household toilets connected to sewers is as high as 50 percent; whereas the smaller cities, hence, have a higher prevalence of septic tanks.

While investments in sewerage infrastructure and Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs), has been accorded policy attention and financial investments, very little has been done for the large segment of on-site systems and treatment of Septage there from. The CRAYON seeks to remedy this deficit and priorities sanitation, and further promote Septage management solutions as an effective supplement or alternative to network-based systems.

Lack of adequate sanitation poses one of the greatest barriers for Tamil Nadu in achieving its full development potential, and ensuring high standards of public health for her citizens. While sewerage and treatment plants have received policy attention and investments in larger cities of the State, on-site systems that are the predominant household arrangements across the State, have received limited attention.

Moreover, the pits and septic tanks are not built properly; hence fecal matter leaks out untreated from these structures into drains, water bodies and open areas. These septic tanks are also not de- sludged regularly creating major health and environmental hazards. Limited data is available on the coverage and effectiveness of these desludging services as these are mostly operated by the informal sector. The sludge collected from septic tanks is often disposed into either natural storm water drainage systems or a nearby surface water body, especially in the absence of any treatment facilities.

The Govt. of Tamil Nadu (GoTN) has been a pioneer in not only recognizing the above challenges as core to improved standards of public health, but has also prioritized the full sanitation chain, including the strengthening of Septage management as an economical and sustainable complement to network-based systems. The Chief Minister has clearly articulated the need to address sanitation in the coming years. Following this, the “Namma Toilet” (“Our Own Toilet”) or Public Toilets were rolled out in urban areas. The GoTN issued Septage Management Operative Guidelines in September 2014. In addition to GoTN’s own investments in urban sanitation, the current policy environment in India prioritizes urban sanitation at scale. Septage management has become eligible for funding under AMRUT, while the Swachh Bharat Mission of the Government of India, aims at improving access to toilets.

CRAYON’s sustainable water and sanitation project:

  • Creating a demand for safe sanitation service for everyone without any gender discrimination including transgender.
    • Social marketing
    • Behavior change communication for rural sanitation
  • Meeting the demand for safe sanitation service
    • After the demand has been created ,CRAYON is ensuring the service through capacity building of mission and proving a wide range of suitable sanitation technologies
  • Ensuring sustainability of sanitation infrastructure
    • Institutional policy and other measures have been taken by CRAYON to ensure sustainability of sanitation infrastructure and behaviour.
    • Proper education is given to people especially the illiterate and poor people
    • People are encouraged to keep the city clean

Contact Us

Our Address

CRAYON-Child Relief & Research Institute.
Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India.

Call Us

+91 9655 9361 08